Another back to school season has passed, punctuated with new pencils and notepads and gym shoes. And for parents of younger children, Carter’s almost certainly factored in.
Back-to-School means brand new clothes. And that means Carter’s. Whether you’re buying a glut of leggings and joggers, or your kid’s entire fall wardrobe, Carter’s is somewhere in the mix.
This children’s clothing behemoth does a few billion dollars in annual sales each year. If you’ve got a pair of eyeballs and a small child in your life, you know Carter’s is literally everywhere. In terms of North American market share, by 2020 Carter had:
- 25% market share for baby and toddler apparel
- 13% market share for children’s apparel for 3 & 4 year olds
- 12% market share for children’s apparel for kids of all ages from birth to age 10
- 28% of all kid’s pajamas
Carter’s has had sales growth every single year for the past 30+ years. And on the carters.com website, Carter’s boasts of selling 10 garments for every child born in the United States.
With 4 million babies born every year, that’s 40 million onesies. With the average onesie (0-3M size) 13 inches in length, Carter’s makes enough onesies every year to stretch around the globe 39 times.
Its market longevity and relevance are remarkable, if not miraculous. Carter’s is over 150 years old; it’s survived 2 world wars, a pandemic, global outsourcing, the worldwide web, and the rise of Walmart, Target, and Amazon.
By all accounts, Carter’s should be toast.
And yet Carter’s not merely just hanging in there, Carter’s is killing it. Carter’s is the kids’ clothing cartel. Carter’s going to bury us all – in butterfly onesies and dinosaur hoodies.
How the hell has Carter’s pulled this off?
Who the hell is this Carter’s brand, adorning my kids in their onesies and socks and rompers and PJs?
This mama wanted to find out. They’ve got a fairly interesting story, and I’ve found a new level of respect for Carter’s. Carter’s is a total badass.
Carter’s roots in the textile and garment industry can be traced back to 1800’s New England, then American’s textile and garment capitol.
William Carter, a British immigrant, founded the William Carter Company in Needham, Massachusetts in 1865. At the time, Carter’s manufactured union suits, shirt bands, vests, drawers, and corsets. By 1922, the product line had expanded to include children’s undergarments and athletic wear.
The company stayed in the family for the next 70 years until the Carters sold the company in 1990. Although the company was sold, its namesake label has stuck. Carter’s. It just drips off the tongue so sweetly.
>> More: Carter’s is one of the few brands that sells premature baby clothes you can buy in stores – excellent news for the 1 in 10 babies born preterm in the US. Check out these 20 baby brands for preemies – including teeny preemie and micro-preemie.
CARTER’S GROWTH (YOU CAN THANK, OR BLAME, A BOUJEE TARGET MOM)
In the 1990’s and early aughts, things got interesting and Carter’s began morphing into the brand that boujee Target moms (aka BST moms) love to drag (dis). Carter’s moved into growth mode, and began making major changes in branding and distribution.
“NOT TO BRAG OR ANYTHING, BUT I WAS AT TARGET THE OTHER DAY AND…”-EVERY BOUJEE MOM EVER
In 2001, Carter’s reached an agreement with Target to create an exclusive, spin-off label “Just One You”. Two years later, Carter’s created an exclusive Carter’s line for Walmart.
In 2005, Carter’s purchased OshKosh B’gosh for a whopping $312 million. A move that totally blew the minds of young Gen Xers and older Millennials everywhere, as it transformed OshKosh from an out-of-reach label their parents would never buy into a budget-friendly brand sold at mass discount retailers.
Over the next decade, Carter’s continued consolidating its position. In a three year-window (2016-2018), Carter’s acquired Skip Hop baby gear company, launched an Amazon exclusive label, and rolled out its own line of organic, hippy-dippy baby and toddler clothes. (That’s a compliment. Their organic line, Little Planet, is gorgeous.)
So Here’s the Timeline to Carter’s Total Closet Domination:
- 1865 Carter’s is founded, as William Carter Company, in Massachusetts.
- 1922 Children’s garments are being made.
- 1990 Carter family sells the company.
- 2001: Carter’s creates “Just One You” spin-off label for Target.
- 2003: Carter’s creates “Child of Mine” spin-off label for Walmart and in the same year OshKosh B’gosh creates its “Genuine Kids” spin-off label for Target.
- 2005: Carter’s buys OshKosh B’gosh for $312 million (making it the last time it was expensive to buy the OshKosh label).
- 2010: Carter’s creates “Precious Firsts” spin-off label for Target, creating a cozy layette collection for babies.
- 2016: Carter’s buys Skip Hop, a company manufacturing baby gear and toys.
- 2017: Carter’s creates “Simple Joys by Carter” for Amazon.
- 2018: Carter’s launches its own organic label Little Planet.
EVEN CARTER’S DOESN’T THINK CARTER’S IS THAT COOL
Well, not quite.
But part of the success of the Carter’s brand has been to downplay its brand, or rather prioritize massive distribution over brand-building.
Instead of competing (and failing) with Amazon, Target, and Walmart, Carter’s has transformed its biggest would-be rivals into its largest distribution centers. Damn, Carter’s. Respect.
By creating exclusive lines for Amazon, Walmart, and Target, Carter’s has been able to cater to different market segments:
- Amazon: Savvy professional millennial parents who want to stockpile onesies and sleepers, and who like the convenience of shopping Amazon online to buy staples in bulk and to fill in wardrobe gaps.
- Walmart: Bargain shoppers who are looking to get the best price possible.
- Target: Impulse buyers who like bright and shiny things, drinking Starbucks coolers in-store, and hoarding trendy clothing and home décor.
LASTING IMPACTS OF CARTER’S PRIVATE LABEL PARTNERSHIPS
So yeah, in a short 15-20 year window, Carter’s become a beast. Carter’s is like the original 3D printer. It just kept replicating itself, with different private labels, and partnering with other retail giants.
But there have been downstream impacts, making me wonder: Should Carter’s get some of the credit (or blame) for fast fashion?
Target Made Carter’s Up Its Style Game
To succeed in Target stores, Carter’s had to compete for moms’ attention. Shoppers were going to Target for shelf-stable staple goods, like shampoo and toilet paper and CD’s. (Reminder: it was 2001.)
So to catch the eye of Target moms, Carter’s had to produce even flashier colors and patterns. Every time you see a sunglass-wearing pineapple print dress, or skateboarding sloth swim trunks, you can thank the Carter’s-Target duo. Fun prints had always existed, but with the Carter’s Target line, things really began to explode.
Carter’s needed to up its game to work in Target stores where being stylish, and new, is key.
Carter’s Needed Loads of New Style Drops to Stand Out in Store
Remember that cute dress you saw at your Target store five weeks ago?
Yeah, me neither.
At Target, it feels like last month’s fashions are already way out of style. In fact, they often are. You can see month-old fashions being cycled out with orange clearance stickers. Softlines have short lives.
For Carter’s, this has meant more and more fashion drops are needed: Both to catch the shopper’s eye, and to keep up with the consumer demand for fresh, new merchandise.
Designers used to do seasonal collections (i.e. four collections per year, or just one collection for spring/summer and another for fall/winter), but now it seems like fast fashion demands multiple “drops” or “releases” every season. Some brands even produce a staggering 52 micro-seasons a year. More styles, more colors, more cuts, more fabrics, more new, new, new — and at lower than ever prices.
Even more upscale children’s brands like Mini Boden do multiple drops or releases per season.
Carter’s and Target have both shown the more eye-catching kids’ clothes you create, the more consumers will buy. Especially if there’s a (perceived) good deal now (40% off sale) or later (I can flip it on BST for what I paid).
Carter’s initial success at Target is what led to additional Target-exclusive lines (Precious Firsts and Genuine Kids), and then partnerships with Walmart and Amazon.
BUT REALLY, CARTER’S IS JUST EVERYWHERE
Ask any mother or grandmother: the term Carter’s is ubiquitous with kids’ clothes. Carter’s means kids clothes the way Tupperware means plastic storage containers or Kleenex means facial tissue. The domination is real.
- A recent market research study by Kantar found that over 90% of millennial parents and over 80% of baby boomer grandparents had shopped the Carter’s brand or at a Carter’s store within the past year.
- Carter’s has a retail presence in over 1,000 standalone stores in the United States and Canada.
- Including Walmart and Target, Carter’s apparel is sold in over 20,000 physical locations around the globe. 16,000 of these locations are in the United States. In addition to Target and Walmart, Carter’s is sold in hundreds of department stores and retailers like Macy’s, VonMaur, JCPenney, Kohl’s, Marshalls, Bealls, Costco, and Sam’s Club.
In an added coup, Carter’s has minted deals with dozens of shopping deals sites like Swagbucks or Rakuten to offer Carter’s promo code deals and cashback shopping rebates.
Swagbucks will pay you for $10 (as a Visa or Amazon gift card) for making a purchase of $25 or more at Carter’s. Everywhere you look, there are cues and prods to shop more, and save more, at Carter’s. (You can also sign up for Swagbucks with my referral link.)
CARTER’S IS MAKING ON-TREND MOVES TO APPEAL TO BST MOMS
Carter’s is trying to woo BST moms who value ethically sourced clothing, more muted color palettes and Instagrammy styles.
Mommy and me sets (coordinating mommy robes and baby rompers), soft bubble gauze rompers, mulsin dressers, and rust color apricot prints.
Carter’s is jumping on other trends to – like matching family pajamas at budget friendly prices. You can also find trending Barbiecore style garments too.
CLOSING THOUGHTS ON CARTER’S CLOSET DOMINATION
The sun isn’t going to set anytime soon on Carter’s kids’ clothing empire. With over 30 years of consecutive growth, and annual revenue in the billions, Carter’s is going to be dominating the children’s clothing market for years to come.
And after killing it with the under 10 crowd for this long, Carter’s has reached definite icon status. Carter’s clothing is an American household staple.
If I were to bury a time capsule in the backyard to be opened in 200 years, it’d contain photo prints, my Louis Vuitton bag, the first quilt I made, vinyl LP’s, and two Carter’s onesies. The ones the hospital nurses dressed each of my babes in, within minutes of their birth.
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